Following the 1973 military coup led by Augusto Pinochet, Chile's traditionally open and active electoral process was interrupted, and it was onlt fifteen years later,in the 1988 plebiscite, that Chileans were allowed to express their will again. Subsequently, in December of 1989, voters freely chose a new president and the first congress to sit since 1973. Cesar Caviedes explores the changes in political response that have taken place in Chile during sixteen years without free elections. Caviedes investigates and explains the shifts in preference that are surfacing in the urban and rural regions of the country, emphasizes the major role of female voters, and advances predictions about future electoral strategies by major parties and coalitions. Tables and charts illustrate the outcome of the 1988 plebiscite and the results of the presidential and congressional elections of December 1989.